Millions of people struggle with nicotine addiction around the world due to the addictive properties of nicotine and other drugs contained within cigarettes, cigars and other objects used for smoking. Lung cancer cases and heart disease can be higher among those who smoke. The side effects of nicotine withdrawal may also be unpleasant. Nicotine is a difficult drug to quit, so learn the signs and symptoms to know if a loved one is struggling and how to offer support.
Symptoms of Nicotine Addiction
Many people who smoke become addicted to nicotine due to the slightly euphoric and sedative effects. A person who is addicted to nicotine may go out of their way to get the drug and crave nicotine. It is also possible the person will attempt to quit smoking and suffer from nicotine withdrawal while trying to do so. Another sign of nicotine addiction can be when a person finds it hard to concentrate and do not have nicotine in the system. If a person smokes half a pack of cigarettes or more per day, this may be a sign of high tolerance which can lead to addiction.
Withdrawal symptoms are also things to watch out for as the effects can bring on depression, increased anxiety, inability to concentrate, restlessness and a bigger appetite. The DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) suggest the following as symptoms:
- Continuous use of nicotine in spite of knowing consequences
- Development of tolerance including nausea and dizziness are no longer apparent
- Spending time obtaining nicotine
- Experience withdrawal when trying to stop nicotine use
- Giving up recreational activity due to nicotine use
- Have unsuccessfully tried to quit using nicotine
Treatment of Nicotine Addiction
Nicotine addiction symptoms may be treated through several different programs and prescription medications. Treatments for symptoms may include:
Nicotine addiction support groups – addiction support groups can provide helpful interaction with others who are struggling and help treat symptoms. Typically support groups can provide insights and tools to help a person address psychological symptoms of nicotine addiction. Services can be located through a rehab center or treating physician.
Nicotine replacement therapy – nicotine replacement therapy is administered in lower doses of nicotine to help ease symptoms of addiction. Replacement therapy can help reduce cravings for nicotine and does not contain toxic chemicals found in smoke.
Prescription medication for nicotine addiction – medications for nicotine addiction are available. Bupropion is a pill that can help decrease the craving for nicotine as a result of withdrawal. Varenicline is another prescription medication used for nicotine addiction treatment to help reduce cravings for nicotine and withdrawal symptoms.
The goal of getting past addiction is to notice the signs and symptoms and admit the need for help. It can be hard to seek help without the support of loved ones and treatment professionals. Cypress provides help for addiction based on every individual’s needs. Call us today for more information, at 1-877-938-1577.