Cocaine is a drug that increases the level of dopamine in the brain. Cocaine can be smoked, injected, or inhaled and affects the brain immediately. The brain rapidly releases dopamine, and produces a “high.” Cocaine is very addictive and a person who uses it is at high risk of addiction and dependence. When levels of dopamine drop, withdrawal symptoms start. The withdrawal symptoms are intense and can urge the person to use again and more frequently.
Cocaine changes brain chemistry and leads to behavioral abnormalities such as erratic behavior, psychotic symptoms, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIH), cocaine use leads to increased irritability, restlessness, panic attacks, paranoia, and psychosis. The NIH states, “There have been reports of intracerebral hemorrhage, or bleeding within the brain, and balloon-like bulges in the walls of cerebral blood vessels. Movement disorders, including Parkinson’s disease, may also occur after many years of cocaine use.“
A person can become addicted to cocaine after one use, but as with any drug, each person’s experience is unique. When cocaine is used for the first time, it produces an intense euphoric sensation. Cocaine use causes physical health complications, such as heart failure, respiratory issues, stroke, and seizures.
Some physical symptoms of cocaine use include nosebleeds, insomnia, lack of appetite, abdominal pain, and nausea. Cocaine also causes blood borne infectious conditions, such as HIV or hepatitis C, which are related to the injection of cocaine and non-sterile needle use.
A number of factors contribute to a person’s risk of developing a substance use disorder and addiction. Genetics, physical or emotional trauma, peer pressure, family dynamics, stress, and personality traits put a person at an increased risk of addiction. These characteristics contribute individually or in combination with other factors. Cocaine use puts a person at risk for relationship problems, job loss, financial troubles, and incarceration.
A person who uses cocaine is at high risk for other drug addictions, post-traumatic stress, depressive disorders, and other psychological problems. If you or a loved one is battling an addiction, you are not alone. There is hope in recovery. Get help today.
Cypress Lakes Lodge specializes in addiction treatment and is located in a serene, remote, lush-green, oxygen enriched environment. The program encompasses holistic addiction therapy and offers yoga and meditation for the mind, body, and soul. The focus is on physical, mental, and emotional well-being by generating the balance of life-enriching treatment, wellness, and healthy, sober, sustainable relationships. Call us to get started: 409-331-2204